Laravel 10 Localization Guide Example Tutorial

By Hardik Savani November 5, 2023 Category : Laravel

Hello Artisan,

Hello, all! In this article, we will talk about laravel 10 localization example. This post will give you a simple example of laravel 10 localization switch language. If you have a question about laravel 10 localization set language then I will give a simple example with a solution. let’s discuss about localization implementation in laravel 10 with language switcher. Let's get started with laravel 10 multiple localization.

In this example, we will create three languages English, Spanish and French website with translation. we will use laravel localization to add a translation for label. Then we will create middleware to manage dynamic language. We will create one blade file with a dropdown where we can select a language and it will work dynamically. so let's see the below steps:

So, let's follow few step to adding multi language support in laravel.

Step 1: Install Laravel 10

This is optional; however, if you have not created the laravel app, then you may go ahead and execute the below command:

composer create-project laravel/laravel example-app

Step 2: Create Lang Files

In this step, we simply need to create following folders and files for english, france and spanish language files in lang folder.

You need to run following commands for lang files:

php artisan lang:publish

let's create files as bellow listed:

resources/lang/en/messages.php

<?php

return [

'title' => 'This is English Language Title.',

];

resources/lang/fr/messages.php

<?php

return [

'title' => 'Ceci est le titre fr langue anglaise.',

];

resources/lang/sp/messages.php

<?php

return [

'title' => "Il s'agit du titre en langue espagnole.",

];

Step 3: Create Routes

In this step, we will create two routes one for display dashboard page with language dropdown and another for you can change language logic.

so add bellow routes.

routes/web.php

<?php

use Illuminate\Support\Facades\Route;

use App\Http\Controllers\LangController;

/*

|--------------------------------------------------------------------------

| Web Routes

|--------------------------------------------------------------------------

|

| Here is where you can register web routes for your application. These

| routes are loaded by the RouteServiceProvider within a group which

| contains the "web" middleware group. Now create something great!

|

*/

Route::get('lang/home', [LangController::class, 'index']);

Route::get('lang/change', [LangController::class, 'change'])->name('changeLang');

Step 4: Create LangController Controller

In this point, now we should create new controller as LangController. this controller will manage layout and change language dynamically logic, so put bellow content in controller file:

app/Http/Controllers/LangController.php

<?php

namespace App\Http\Controllers;

use Illuminate\Http\Request;

use Illuminate\View\View;

use Illuminate\Http\RedirectResponse;

use App;

class LangController extends Controller

{

/**

* Display a listing of the resource.

*

* @return \Illuminate\Http\Response

*/

public function index(): View

{

return view('lang');

}

/**

* Display a listing of the resource.

*

* @return \Illuminate\Http\Response

*/

public function change(Request $request): RedirectResponse

{

App::setLocale($request->lang);

session()->put('locale', $request->lang);

return redirect()->back();

}

}

Step 5: Create View

In Last step, let's create lang.blade.php(resources/views/lang.blade.php) for layout and we will write design code here and put following code:

resources/views/lang.blade.php

<!DOCTYPE html>

<html>

<head>

<title>How to Create Multi Language Website in Laravel - ItSolutionStuff.com</title>

<meta charset="utf-8">

<meta http-equiv="X-UA-Compatible" content="IE=edge">

<meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1">

<link href="//netdna.bootstrapcdn.com/bootstrap/3.2.0/css/bootstrap.min.css" rel="stylesheet">

<script src="https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/jquery/3.5.1/jquery.min.js"></script>

</head>

<body>

<div class="container">

<h1>How to Create Multi Language Website in Laravel - ItSolutionStuff.com</h1>

<div class="row">

<div class="col-md-2 col-md-offset-6 text-right">

<strong>Select Language: </strong>

</div>

<div class="col-md-4">

<select class="form-control changeLang">

<option value="en" {{ session()->get('locale') == 'en' ? 'selected' : '' }}>English</option>

<option value="fr" {{ session()->get('locale') == 'fr' ? 'selected' : '' }}>France</option>

<option value="sp" {{ session()->get('locale') == 'sp' ? 'selected' : '' }}>Spanish</option>

</select>

</div>

</div>

<h1>{{ __('messages.title') }}</h1>

</div>

</body>

<script type="text/javascript">

var url = "{{ route('changeLang') }}";

$(".changeLang").change(function(){

window.location.href = url + "?lang="+ $(this).val();

});

</script>

</html>

Step 6: Create Middleware

In this file we need to create one middleware that will manage dynamic language that we selected on dropdown. so let's create middleware using bellow language.

php artisan make:middleware LanguageManager

Now you have to update middleware file like bellow:

app/Http/Middleware/LanguageManager.php

<?php

namespace App\Http\Middleware;

use Closure;

use Illuminate\Http\Request;

use Symfony\Component\HttpFoundation\Response;

use App;

class LanguageManager

{

/**

* Handle an incoming request.

*

* @param \Closure(\Illuminate\Http\Request): (\Symfony\Component\HttpFoundation\Response) $next

*/

public function handle(Request $request, Closure $next): Response

{

if (session()->has('locale')) {

App::setLocale(session()->get('locale'));

}

return $next($request);

}

}

Now we need to register it to kernel file. so let's add it as bellow:

app/Http/Kernel.php

<?php

namespace App\Http;

use Illuminate\Foundation\Http\Kernel as HttpKernel;

class Kernel extends HttpKernel

{

....

/**

* The application's route middleware groups.

*

* @var array

*/

protected $middlewareGroups = [

'web' => [

\App\Http\Middleware\EncryptCookies::class,

\Illuminate\Cookie\Middleware\AddQueuedCookiesToResponse::class,

\Illuminate\Session\Middleware\StartSession::class,

\Illuminate\View\Middleware\ShareErrorsFromSession::class,

\App\Http\Middleware\VerifyCsrfToken::class,

\Illuminate\Routing\Middleware\SubstituteBindings::class,

\App\Http\Middleware\LanguageManager::class,

],

'api' => [

'throttle:60,1',

\Illuminate\Routing\Middleware\SubstituteBindings::class,

],

];

...

Run Laravel App:

All the required steps have been done, now you have to type the given below command and hit enter to run the Laravel app:

php artisan serve

Now, Go to your web browser, type the given URL and view the app output:

http://localhost:8000/lang/home

English Language:

Franch Language:

Spanish Language:

I hope it can help you...

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