Laravel 6 Cron Job Task Scheduling Tutorial

By Hardik Savani | October 25, 2019 | | 3536 Viewer | Category : Laravel


Hi Artisan,

Do you have query? how to create cron job in laravel 6? or how to make a cron job in laravel 6? or How to use task scheduling in laravel 6? than i will give you simple example of cron job task scheduling with laravel 6. i will create step by step tutorial with setup of cron job using laravel 6 task scheduling. you can also setup cron job in your server.

Why we have to use cron job? and what is benefit to use cron jobs in laravel 6 and how to setup cron job in laravel 6?, If you have this question then i will explain why. Many times we need to send notifications or send email automatically to users for update property or products. So at that time you can define some basic logic for each days, hours etc can run and send email notification.

You also want to setup cron job on your server then you can follow this tutorial and let's implement it.

Step 1: Install Laravel 6

In this step, if you haven't laravel 6 application setup then we have to get fresh laravel 6 application. So run bellow command and get clean fresh laravel 6 application.

composer create-project --prefer-dist laravel/laravel blog

Step 2: Create New Command

In this step, we need to create our custom command. custom command will execute with task scheduling scron job. so, let's run bellow command to create new custom command.

php artisan make:command DemoCron --command=demo:cron

Now make some changes on Command file.

app/Console/Commands/DemoCron.php

<?php

namespace App\Console\Commands;

use Illuminate\Console\Command;

class DemoCron extends Command

{

/**

* The name and signature of the console command.

*

* @var string

*/

protected $signature = 'demo:cron';

/**

* The console command description.

*

* @var string

*/

protected $description = 'Command description';

/**

* Create a new command instance.

*

* @return void

*/

public function __construct()

{

parent::__construct();

}

/**

* Execute the console command.

*

* @return mixed

*/

public function handle()

{

\Log::info("Cron is working fine!");

/*

Write your database logic we bellow:

Item::create(['name'=>'hello new']);

*/

$this->info('Demo:Cron Cummand Run successfully!');

}

}

Step 3: Register as Task Scheduler

In this step, we need to define our commands on Kernel.php file with time when you want to run your command like as bellow functions:

->everyMinute();Run the task every minute
->everyFiveMinutes();Run the task every five minutes
->everyTenMinutes();Run the task every ten minutes
->everyFifteenMinutes();Run the task every fifteen minutes
->everyThirtyMinutes();Run the task every thirty minutes
->hourly();Run the task every hour
->hourlyAt(17);Run the task every hour at 17 mins past the hour
->daily();Run the task every day at midnight
->dailyAt(’13:00′);Run the task every day at 13:00
->twiceDaily(1, 13);Run the task daily at 1:00 & 13:00
->weekly();Run the task every week
->weeklyOn(1, ‘8:00’);Run the task every week on Tuesday at 8:00
->monthly(); Run the task every month
->monthlyOn(4, ’15:00′); Run the task every month on the 4th at 15:00
->quarterly();Run the task every quarter
->yearly(); Run the task every year
->timezone(‘America/New_York’); Set the timezone

app/Console/Kernel.php

<?php

namespace App\Console;

use Illuminate\Console\Scheduling\Schedule;

use Illuminate\Foundation\Console\Kernel as ConsoleKernel;

class Kernel extends ConsoleKernel

{

/**

* The Artisan commands provided by your application.

*

* @var array

*/

protected $commands = [

Commands\DemoCron::class,

];

/**

* Define the application's command schedule.

*

* @param \Illuminate\Console\Scheduling\Schedule $schedule

* @return void

*/

protected function schedule(Schedule $schedule)

{

$schedule->command('demo:cron')

->everyMinute();

}

/**

* Register the commands for the application.

*

* @return void

*/

protected function commands()

{

$this->load(__DIR__.'/Commands');

require base_path('routes/console.php');

}

}

Step 4: Run Scheduler Command For Test

now we are ready to run our cron, so you can manually check using following command of your cron. so let's run bellow command:

php artisan schedule:run

After run above command, you can check log file where we already print some text. so open you your log file it looks like as bellow:

storage/logs/laravel.php

[2019-04-24 03:46:42] local.INFO: Cron is working fine!

[2019-04-24 03:46:52] local.INFO: Cron is working fine!

[2019-04-24 03:46:55] local.INFO: Cron is working fine!

At last you can manage this command on scheduling task, you have to add a single entry to your server’s crontab file:

* * * * * php /path/to/artisan schedule:run 1>> /dev/null 2>&1

OR

* * * * * cd /path-to-your-project && php artisan schedule:run >> /dev/null 2>&1

I hope it can help you...




Hardik Savani
My name is Hardik Savani. I'm a full-stack developer, entrepreneur and owner of Aatman Infotech. I live in India and I love to write tutorials and tips that can help to other artisan. I am a big fan of PHP, Javascript, JQuery, Laravel, Codeigniter, VueJS, AngularJS and Bootstrap from the early stage.
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