How to Send Automatic Email in Laravel 9?

By Hardik Savani May 25, 2022 Category : Laravel

Hi Dev,

This article goes in detailed on send automatic email laravel 9. I would like to share with you laravel 9 auto send email. you'll learn auto send email laravel 9. We will use laravel 9 send scheduled emails. Let's get started with laravel 9 send mail automatically.

In this example, we will create an auto send an email for a birthday wish. so, we will create a "users" table with a "birthdate" column. Then we will create one seeder to add some users. Then after we will create one command to send an email that the birthdate match today's date. after creating the command successfully we will be scheduled daily. so users will get automatically their birthday on email.

So, let's follow below step to make it done this example:

Step 1: Install Laravel

This step is not required; however, if you have not created the laravel app, then you may go ahead and execute the below command:

composer create-project laravel/laravel example-app

Step 2: Create Migration

here, we will create new migration for adding new column birthdate in users table. so let's run bellow command:

php artisan make:migration add_birthdate_column

After this command you will find one file in following path "database/migrations" and you have to put bellow code in your migration file for create products table.

<?php

use Illuminate\Database\Migrations\Migration;

use Illuminate\Database\Schema\Blueprint;

use Illuminate\Support\Facades\Schema;

return new class extends Migration

{

/**

* Run the migrations.

*

* @return void

*/

public function up()

{

Schema::table('users', function (Blueprint $table) {

$table->date('birthdate')->nullable();

});

}

/**

* Reverse the migrations.

*

* @return void

*/

public function down()

{

}

};

Now you have to run this migration by following command:

php artisan migrate

Step 3: Update Model

In this step, we will add "birthdate" column in $fillable array.

let's copy below code and paste it.

app/Models/User.php

<?php

namespace App\Models;

use Illuminate\Contracts\Auth\MustVerifyEmail;

use Illuminate\Database\Eloquent\Factories\HasFactory;

use Illuminate\Foundation\Auth\User as Authenticatable;

use Illuminate\Notifications\Notifiable;

use Laravel\Sanctum\HasApiTokens;

class User extends Authenticatable

{

use HasApiTokens, HasFactory, Notifiable;

/**

* The attributes that are mass assignable.

*

* @var array

*/

protected $fillable = [

'name',

'email',

'password',

'birthdate'

];

/**

* The attributes that should be hidden for serialization.

*

* @var array

*/

protected $hidden = [

'password',

'remember_token',

];

/**

* The attributes that should be cast.

*

* @var array

*/

protected $casts = [

'email_verified_at' => 'datetime',

];

}

Step 4: Create Seeder

In this step we will create Seeder for adding dummy users. So let's run bellow command.

php artisan make:seeder UserSeeder

now, let's update code on UserSeeder.php file as bellow:

database/seeders/UserSeeder.php

<?php

namespace Database\Seeders;

use Illuminate\Database\Console\Seeds\WithoutModelEvents;

use Illuminate\Database\Seeder;

use App\Models\User;

class UserSeeder extends Seeder

{

/**

* Run the database seeds.

*

* @return void

*/

public function run()

{

$users = [

[

"name" => "Hardik Savani",

"email" => "hardik@gmail.com",

"password" => bcrypt("123456"),

"birthdate" => "2001-05-23"

],

[

"name" => "Vimal Kashiyani",

"email" => "vimal@gmail.com",

"password" => bcrypt("123456"),

"birthdate" => "2001-06-23"

],

[

"name" => "Harshad Pathak",

"email" => "harshad@gmail.com",

"password" => bcrypt("123456"),

"birthdate" => "2001-07-23"

]

];

foreach ($users as $key => $value) {

User::create($value);

}

}

}

Then run below seeder to create dummy users.

php artisan db:seed --class=UserSeeder

You will find following users as below in mysql table:

Step 5: Create Mail Class

In this step we will create mail class BirthDayWish for email send on match date of birth. So let's run bellow command.

php artisan make:mail BirthDayWish

now, let's update code on BirthDayWish.php file as bellow:

app/Mail/BirthDayWish.php

<?php

namespace App\Mail;

use Illuminate\Bus\Queueable;

use Illuminate\Contracts\Queue\ShouldQueue;

use Illuminate\Mail\Mailable;

use Illuminate\Queue\SerializesModels;

class BirthDayWish extends Mailable

{

use Queueable, SerializesModels;

public $user;

/**

* Create a new message instance.

*

* @return void

*/

public function __construct($user)

{

$this->user = $user;

}

/**

* Build the message.

*

* @return $this

*/

public function build()

{

return $this->subject('Happy Birthday '. $this->user->name)

->view('emails.birthdayWish');

}

}

Here, we will create blade view file for email. In this file we will write text for birthday wish.. create bellow files on "emails" folder.

resources/views/emails/birthdayWish.blade.php

<h2>Hey, Happy Birthday {{ $user->name }}</h2>

<br>

<p>On behalf of the entire company I wish you a very happy birthday and send you my best wishes for much happiness in your life.</p>

Thank you

next, you have to add send mail configuration with mail driver, mail host, mail port, mail username, mail password so laravel will use those sender configuration for sending email. So you can simply add as like following.

.env

MAIL_MAILER=smtp

MAIL_HOST=smtp.gmail.com

MAIL_PORT=465

MAIL_USERNAME=mygoogle@gmail.com

MAIL_PASSWORD=rrnnucvnqlbsl

MAIL_ENCRYPTION=tls

MAIL_FROM_ADDRESS=mygoogle@gmail.com

MAIL_FROM_NAME="${APP_NAME}"

Step 6: Create Command

In this step, we will create new command call AutoBirthDayWish. let's create command using below terminal command:

php artisan make:command AutoBirthDayWish

now, let's update code on AutoBirthDayWish.php file as bellow:

app/Console/Commands/AutoBirthDayWish.php

<?php

namespace App\Console\Commands;

use Illuminate\Console\Command;

use Mail;

use App\Mail\BirthDayWish;

use App\Models\User;

class AutoBirthDayWish extends Command

{

/**

* The name and signature of the console command.

*

* @var string

*/

protected $signature = 'auto:birthdaywith';

/**

* The console command description.

*

* @var string

*/

protected $description = 'Command description';

/**

* Execute the console command.

*

* @return int

*/

public function handle()

{

$users = User::whereMonth('birthdate', date('m'))

->whereDay('birthdate', date('d'))

->get();

if ($users->count() > 0) {

foreach ($users as $user) {

Mail::to($user)->send(new BirthDayWish($user));

}

}

return 0;

}

}

Next, we need to scheduled this command daily. so let's do it in Kernel.php file:

app/Console/Kernel.php

<?php

namespace App\Console;

use Illuminate\Console\Scheduling\Schedule;

use Illuminate\Foundation\Console\Kernel as ConsoleKernel;

class Kernel extends ConsoleKernel

{

/**

* Define the application's command schedule.

*

* @param \Illuminate\Console\Scheduling\Schedule $schedule

* @return void

*/

protected function schedule(Schedule $schedule)

{

$schedule->command('auto:birthdaywith')->daily();

}

/**

* Register the commands for the application.

*

* @return void

*/

protected function commands()

{

$this->load(__DIR__.'/Commands');

require base_path('routes/console.php');

}

}

Step 7: Cron Job Setup on Server

Here, i will show you how to setup cron job command on server. you need to install crontab on server. if you are using ubuntu server then it already installed. so let's run bellow command and add new entry for cron job.

crontab -e

Now, add bellow line to crontab file. make sure you need to set your project path correctly on it.

* * * * * cd /path-to-your-project && php artisan schedule:run >> /dev/null 2>&1

Now, you can check on server as well.

Now, you will get email birthday wish on match. you will receive email as like below:

I hope it can help you...