How to Change Column Name and Data Type in Laravel Migration?

By Hardik Savani | April 1, 2020 | Category : Laravel


Hi Artisan,

This post is focused on laravel migration change column name. this example will help you how to change column type in laravel migration. step by step explain how to rename column name in laravel migration. i explained simply about how to change data type in laravel migration. follow bellow step for how to change column name in laravel migration.

I will give you two example of changing data type and rename column name using migration in laravel application.

First of all we need to install "doctrine/dbal" composer package.

Install Composer Package:

composer require doctrine/dbal

After successfully install composer package we can change data type and change column name using migration.

Let's see bellow example:

Migration for main table:

<?php

use Illuminate\Support\Facades\Schema;

use Illuminate\Database\Schema\Blueprint;

use Illuminate\Database\Migrations\Migration;

class CreatePostsTable extends Migration

{

/**

* Run the migrations.

*

* @return void

*/

public function up()

{

Schema::create('posts', function (Blueprint $table) {

$table->bigIncrements('id');

$table->string('title');

$table->text('body');

$table->boolean('is_publish')->default(0);

$table->timestamps();

});

}

/**

* Reverse the migrations.

*

* @return void

*/

public function down()

{

Schema::dropIfExists('posts');

}

}

Change Data Type using Migration:

body column text data type to long text data type here.

<?php

use Illuminate\Support\Facades\Schema;

use Illuminate\Database\Schema\Blueprint;

use Illuminate\Database\Migrations\Migration;

class ChangePostsTableColumn extends Migration

{

/**

* Run the migrations.

*

* @return void

*/

public function up()

{

Schema::table('posts', function (Blueprint $table) {

$table->longText('body')->change();

});

}

/**

* Reverse the migrations.

*

* @return void

*/

public function down()

{

}

}

Rename using Migration:

rename title column to name changed.

<?php

use Illuminate\Support\Facades\Schema;

use Illuminate\Database\Schema\Blueprint;

use Illuminate\Database\Migrations\Migration;

class ChangePostsTableColumn extends Migration

{

/**

* Run the migrations.

*

* @return void

*/

public function up()

{

Schema::table('posts', function (Blueprint $table) {

$table->renameColumn('title', 'name');

});

}

/**

* Reverse the migrations.

*

* @return void

*/

public function down()

{

}

}

I hope it can help you...



Tags : Laravel


Hardik Savani
My name is Hardik Savani. I'm a full-stack developer, entrepreneur and owner of Aatman Infotech. I live in India and I love to write tutorials and tips that can help to other artisan. I am a big fan of PHP, Javascript, JQuery, Laravel, Codeigniter, VueJS, AngularJS and Bootstrap from the early stage.
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